The Impact of Knowledge about Diabetes, Resilience and Depression on Glycemic Control: A Cross-sectional Study among Adolescents and Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between glycemic control and the factors of knowledge about diabetes, resilience, depression and anxiety among Brazilian adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes.
This cross-sectional study included 85 adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes, aged between 11-22 years, with an average age of 17.7 ± 3.72 years. Glycemic control degree was evaluated through HbA1c. To assess psychosocial factors, the following questionnaires were used: resilience (Resilience Scale) and anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS). The Diabetes Knowledge Assessment Scale (DKNA) was used to assess knowledge about diabetes.
Significant correlations were found between HbA1c and resilience, anxiety and depression. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the only variable which presented significant association with the value of HbA1c was depression.
Depression has a significant association with higher HbA1c levels, as demonstrated in a regression analysis. The results suggest that depression, anxiety and resilience should be considered in the design of a multidisciplinary approach to type 1 diabetes, as these factors were significantly correlated with glycemic control. Glycemic control was not correlated with knowledge of diabetes, suggesting that theoretical or practical understanding of this disease is not by itself significantly associated with appropriate glycemic control (HbA1c = 7.5%).
Santos FR, Bernardo with type 1 diabetes. Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome, 5 (1): 55. V, Gabbay MA, Dib SA, Sigulem D. (2013). The impact of knowledge about diabetes, resilience and depression on glycemic control: A cross-sectional study among adolescents and young adults